RenĂ© Gruau was an Italian artist known for his painterly style of fashion illustration. Inspired by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec’s Art Nouveau aesthetic, Gruau echoed the expressive line and controlled blocks of color used by his predecessor. Born Renato Zavagli Ricciardelli on February 4, 1909 in Rimini, Italy, Gruau moved to Paris as a young man, and took his mother’s name. His career started in print editorials, and he made his mark in the industry by designing the iconic Miss Dior fashion campaign in 1947.